crested crane close up

Uganda | The Pearl of Africa

Uganda | The Pearl of Africa


Uganda is located in East Africa and has approximate coordinates of 1.3733° N latitude and 32.2903° E longitude.

Average Rainfall

Uganda experiences a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. The average annual rainfall varies across the country. In the northern and eastern regions, it can be as low as 800 mm (31 inches), while in the western and central regions, it can range from 1,000 mm to 2,000 mm (39 to 79 inches) or more.

The southern and southwestern parts of the country generally receive higher rainfall, often exceeding 2,000 mm (79 inches) annually.

Average Temperatures

Uganda's temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the year due to its proximity to the equator. In the lowland areas, the average daytime temperatures range from 25°C to 29°C (77°F to 84°F), with little seasonal variation.

At lower elevations, like in the capital city, Kampala, temperatures tend to be milder, with averages ranging from 17°C to 27°C (63°F to 81°F). In mountainous regions, such as the Rwenzori Mountains, temperatures can drop significantly at higher altitudes to around 10°C.

Capital City

The capital city of Uganda is Kampala. It is the largest city in the country and serves as its political, economic, and cultural center.

Uganda covers a surface area of 241,038 km² / 93,000 square miles, with a population of 48,582,334, About 70% of Uganda is covered by forests, woodlands, and grasslands. About 8% (18,672sq km) of the territory of Uganda is protected in national parks(this is part of the 70%), national forests and game reserves. Rivers, lakes, and wetlands cover about 18 percent of Uganda's total surface, over half of the entire country lies within the Nile drainage basin.

An Unexplored Tourist Gem, often referred to as the "Pearl of Africa", is a magnificent country located in East Africa. It is a landlocked country, bordered by Kenya in the east, South Sudan in the north, Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, Rwanda in the southwest, and Tanzania in the south.

Despite being one of the smallest countries in Africa, Uganda is rich in diverse cultural heritage, breathtaking natural landscapes, and unique wildlife, making it an increasingly popular tourist destination.

Uganda has an equatorial climate with two dry and two rainy seasons, the months of june - september, december - march are relatively dry while the rest are fairly rainy, dry months are the most appropriate for tourism activities but wet months are proving to be even more befitting since they have less congestion and better activity rates; the country experiences moderate temperatures throughout the year, around 22.8°C, with average monthly temperatures ranging between 21.7°C (July) and 23.9°C (February).

The southwestern region Bwindi and Mgahinga forests has the lowest temperatures sometimes around 12 degrees while the highest temperatures have been recorded in the north eastern region.

Uganda's tourism landscape is uniquely diverse

Offering a range of experiences for the adventurous traveler. The country's rich biodiversity and contrasting landscapes are its main attractions. Uganda features ten national parks, including the renowned Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park and Murchison Falls National Park, showcasing a range of ecosystems from savannahs to tropical rainforests, and from snow-capped mountain ranges to wetlands.

Tourists flock to Uganda mainly for its exceptional wildlife viewing opportunities, particularly the chance to encounter the endangered Mountain Gorillas in their natural habitat. Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park is home to more than half of the world's population of Mountain Gorillas, offering a once-in-a-lifetime experience for wildlife enthusiasts.

In addition to mountain gorillas, Uganda boasts a vast array of wildlife species, including African elephants, lions, leopards, rhinos, chimpanzees, and over 1,000 species of birds. Uganda's natural beauty extends beyond its wildlife. The country is home to the source of the Nile, the world's longest river, providing thrilling white-water rafting experiences for adrenaline seekers.

The Rwenzori Mountains, also known as the Mountains of the Moon, present an exciting challenge for mountaineers, with their snowy peaks creating a stunning contrast to the equatorial jungle below.

Uganda's cultural richness is another drawcard for tourists. The country is home to over 60 distinct ethnic groups speaking over 40 different languages, each with its unique traditions, language, and cultural practices.

The Buganda Kingdom, one of the oldest in Africa, offers tourists insight into its rich history and traditions through cultural tours. Music, dance, and crafts are integral parts of Ugandan culture, offering an immersive experience for tourists.

The karamojong pastoralists in the northeast are some of the last remaining intact cultural groups in the world while the few pockets of batwa communities will take you back through evolution of man.

The potential for Uganda as a top tourist destination is immense. As global travel trends shift towards sustainable and experiential tourism, Uganda's unspoiled natural beauty and rich cultural heritage place it in a strong position to benefit from these trends.

Additionally, the Ugandan government has recognized the potential tourism has for the country's economic growth and is investing in infrastructure and marketing to attract more tourists.

Experiences exclusive to Uganda

white water rafting
White water rafting
Mountain Rwenzori
batwa man dancing
Cultural safaris
kid on a canoe

Top safaris in Uganda


2 Days Gorilla Trekking in Uganda

Are you in Rwanda and would wish to compare gorilla trekking on this side of Uganda? Do not worry, It only costs you a few extra dollars and a short distance. The tour takes you through the Rwanda - Uganda chyanika board to kisoro town on the Uganda side. Short as it is but its very scenic and surely rewording.

Explore idea $1205

Per person sharing

Silverback face

3 Day Mount Mgahinga Gorilla Trekking Mid-Range Tour

Our 3 Day Mgahinga gorillas will take you to Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in south western Uganda. Arrival and departure will be through Kigali, Rwanda. Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is the only park in Uganda where mountain gorillas co-exist with golden monkeys. Hence the saying, that it's where “gold meets silver”.

Explore idea $1612

Per person sharing

silverback full photo

4 Day Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park Budget Tour

The 4 day Budget Gorilla Trek and Charitable Cultural Tour takes you to Lake Bunyonyi and the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest national park. This is the forest that houses the largest number of the world's remaining wild mountain gorillas.

Explore idea $1487

Per person sharing

Uganda safaris

Toursit attractions in Uganda

Blackback mountain gorilla in mgahinga 720

Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park

More famously, Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National park protects over 500 mountain gorillas - roughly half of the world's population, with 23 habituated groups, which can be tracked and a number of solitary individuals.

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Kibale Forest National Park

While many researchers focus on the chimpanzees and other primates found in the park, others are investigating Kibale's ecosystems, wild pigs and fish species, among other topics

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gazelle head

Kidepo National Park

Kidepo is Uganda's most isolated national park, but the few who make the long journey north through the wild frontier region of Karamoja would agree that it is also the most magnificent, for Kidepo ranks among Africa's finest wildernesses

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Close up head photo of a uganda kob

Lake Mburo National Park

The parks' precarious past has seen wildlife virtually eliminated several times: firstly in various attempts to rid the region of tsetse flies, then to make way for ranches, and finally as a result of subsistence poaching

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mount elgon peaks

Mount Elgon National Park

At 4,000km² Mt. Elgon has the largest volcanic base in the world. Located on the Uganda - Kenya border it is also the oldest and largest solitary, volcanic mountain in East Africa.

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murchison falls

Murchison Falls National Park

The park is bisected by the Victoria Nile, which plunges 45meters over the remnant rift valley wall, creating the dramatic Murchison Falls, the centerpiece of the park and the final event in an 80kilometers stretch of rapids

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lone lion

Queen Elizabeth National Park

Queen Elizabeth National Park is understandably Uganda's most popular tourist destination. The park's diverse ecosystems, which include sprawling savanna, shady, humid woodland forests, sparkling lakes and fertile wetlands,

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Rwenzori mountain

Rwenzori Mountains National Park

Rwenzori Mountains National Park protects the highest parts of the 120km-long and 65km-wide Rwenzori mountain range

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sempaya hotspring

Semliki National Park

Semuliki National Park sprawls across the floor of the Semuliki Valley on the remote, western side of the Rwenzori.

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sempaya hotspring

The source of the Nile

The source of all this tumult is marked by a modest sign that reads “The Source of River Nile - Jinja - World's Longest River” at Ripon Falls, a series of cataracts that are partially submerged due to dams constructed downriver

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rhino in zziwa

Zziwa Rhino Sanctuary

The Zziwa Rhino Sanctuary is playing a crucial role in the conservation efforts for the white rhinoceros, which is one of Africa's most endangered species.

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sleeping gorilla

Mgahinga Gorilla National Park

Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is a protected area located in southwestern Uganda, on the border with Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

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sipi falls

Sipi Falls

Sipi Falls is a stunning waterfall located in eastern Uganda, near the town of Kapchorwa. It is considered one of the most beautiful natural attractions in the country and draws tourists from all over the world.

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water buck

Pian Upe Game Reserve

Pian Upe is known for its diverse wildlife, stunning landscapes, and rich cultural heritage, offering visitors a unique and unforgettable experience.

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Sempaya hot springs

Sempaya Hot Springs

The Sempaya Hot Springs consist of two main springs: the male spring, known as "Bintente," and the female spring, known as "Nyasimbi." These springs are named after ancestral spirits that are believed to reside in the area.

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News and updates

Golden Mokney Mgahinga

Discover the World of Golden Monkey Trekking in Uganda

As an avid nature lover and adventure seeker, I am always on the lookout for unique and off-the-beaten-path experiences. One such experience that has captured my heart is golden monkey trekking in Uganda. Nestled in the breathtaking Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, this activity offers a truly enchanting encounter with these fascinating creatures.

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Kajura Henry

Mar 09, 2024

crested cranes

From Safaris to Waterfalls: Unveiling the Best Tourist Attractions in Uganda

Are you craving an adventure unlike any other? Look no further than Uganda, a land of breathtaking landscapes, vibrant cultures, and unparalleled wildlife experiences. From thrilling safaris in world-famous national parks to mesmerizing waterfalls tucked away in lush rainforests, this East African gem has it all.

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Kajura Henry

Mar 07, 2024

Yawning gorilla

Uganda Gorilla and Chimpanzee Trekking Operational Updates 2024

Gorilla and chimpanzee trekking have become iconic experiences for travelers seeking encounters with these fascinating primates in their natural habitats. However, to ensure a seamless and enriching experience, it's crucial to stay informed about the latest operational updates for 2024 made by the Uganda Wildlife Authority.

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Kajura Henry

Mar 06, 2024

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