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Rwanda | The land of a thousand hills

Rwanda | The land of a thousand hills


Rwanda is a landlocked country located in East-Central Africa. Its approximate coordinates are around 1.9403° S latitude and 29.8739° E longitude.

Average Rainfall

Rwanda has a tropical highland climate, and its average rainfall varies across the country. In the western and northwestern regions, the average annual rainfall can range from about 800 mm (31 inches) to 1,000 mm (39 inches). In the central and eastern parts, rainfall can be higher, ranging from 1,000 mm to 1,500 mm (39 to 59 inches) or more, making these areas more suitable for agriculture.

The mountainous regions, such as the Virunga Mountains, can receive even higher amounts of rainfall.

Average Temperatures

Rwanda's climate is generally cooler due to its higher elevation. The average temperatures vary with altitude and season. In the capital city, Kigali, which is situated at an elevation of around 1,500 meters (4,900 feet), the average daytime temperatures range from 15°C to 27°C (59°F to 81°F).

Temperatures are cooler in the mountainous regions, especially at higher altitudes. The country experiences two distinct rainy seasons, one from March to May and another from September to December.


Rwanda has two rainy seasons, March to May and October to November, with an average rainfall of 110-200 mm per month. The country's average temperature range between 24.6 to 27.6ºc, with the Hottest months being August, and September.

Physical features and attractions

The Main water bodies are Lake Kivu, Lake Muhazi, Lake Ihema, Lake Bulera, Lake Ruhondo and Lake Mugesera. Rwanda's Vegetation ranges from dense equatorial forest in the north-west of the country to tropical savanna in the east.

Rwanda's major National Parks are Akagera national park, Volcanoes National Park and Gishwati-Mukura National Park. Volcanoes National Park in the Virunga volcanic mountains is famous for mountain gorillas and other various wildlife, Nyungwe Forest National park is famous for Chimpanzees and canopy walks while Lake Kivu offers beautiful inland endless fresh water beaches, and islands of awesomeness.

Capital City

The capital city of Rwanda is Kigali. It is the largest city in the country and serves as its political, economic, and cultural hub. Kigali is known for its cleanliness and efficient urban planning, making it one of the most well-organized cities in Africa.

Rwanda covers a total area of 26,338 km² and has a total population of 14,094,683. The Land of a Thousand Hills lies 75 miles south of the equator, the country's Altitude ranges from 950m to 4500m above the sea level.

Located in central Africa, Rwanda borders Uganda in the north, Tanzania to the east, Burundi to the south and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west. The country has five volcanoes, 23 lakes, 4 national parks and numerous rivers.

This small landlocked country in East Africa, has emerged as a top tourist destination in recent years, captivating travelers with its stunning landscapes, vibrant culture, and remarkable wildlife experiences. Despite its tragic history, Rwanda has transformed itself into a safe and welcoming nation, offering visitors a unique and enriching adventure.

Here is why Rwanda is a must-visit destination for discerning travelers.

One of Rwanda's most renowned attractions is its breathtaking natural beauty. The country is famously known as the "Land of a Thousand Hills" due to its undulating terrain, which encompasses lush green valleys, picturesque lakes, and majestic mountains.

The most iconic peak is Mount Karisimbi, 14,787 feet, which offers adventurous hikers an exhilarating challenge and rewards them with sweeping panoramic views from its summit.

The capital city of Rwanda is Kigali. It is the largest city in the country and serves as its political, economic, and cultural hub. Kigali is known for its cleanliness and efficient urban planning, making it one of the most well-organized cities in Africa.

Rwanda is also home to a rich and diverse wildlife population, with its most famous residents being the endangered mountain gorillas. These gentle giants can be found in the Volcanoes National Park, nestled within the Virunga Mountains.

Trekking through the dense forests to encounter these magnificent creatures in their natural habitat is an awe-inspiring experience that leaves visitors with a profound appreciation for conservation efforts.

The opportunity to observe gorilla families up close, witnessing their social interactions and playful antics, is a truly unforgettable encounter.

In addition to gorilla trekking, Rwanda is a paradise for nature enthusiasts and birdwatchers. Akagera National Park, situated in the east of the country, offers a unique savannah experience, where visitors can spot a wide array of wildlife, including elephants, lions, leopards, rhinos, giraffes, and zebras.

The park's diverse ecosystem features lakes, swamps, and open plains, providing a picturesque backdrop for thrilling game drives and guided walks. For those interested in primates beyond gorillas, Nyungwe Forest National Park is a must-visit destination.

This ancient rainforest is home to 13 different primate species, including chimpanzees, colobus monkeys, and golden monkeys. Trekking through the dense foliage while listening to the echoes of the forest and catching glimpses of these elusive creatures is an adventure that immerses visitors in the wonders of the natural world.

Rwanda's commitment to conservation and sustainability is commendable. The country has made significant efforts to protect its natural heritage and promote eco-tourism. The revenue generated from gorilla trekking permits, for instance, directly contributes to conservation initiatives and supports local communities.

Visitors to Rwanda can take pride in knowing that their tourism dollars are making a positive impact on the environment and the lives of the Rwandan people. Beyond its natural wonders, Rwanda boasts a rich cultural heritage that is steeped in tradition.

The vibrant capital city of Kigali is a melting pot of cultures, where modernity seamlessly blends with traditional customs. Visitors can explore the city's vibrant markets, visit art galleries showcasing local talent, and sample delicious Rwandan cuisine, which is characterized by dishes such as brochettes (grilled meat skewers) and the staple food, ugali (a cornmeal-based dish).

For those interested in history and reflection, Rwanda offers opportunities to learn about the country's tragic past and its remarkable journey of reconciliation. The Kigali Genocide Memorial provides a moving tribute to the victims of the 1994 genocide, offering a somber yet important reminder of the importance of unity and peace. Traveling within Rwanda is also a breeze, thanks to its well-maintained road network.

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